Series: History, Science & Faith In Islam
Part 1: The Age of Faith
By: Dr. Nazeer Ahmed
Islam burst upon the global scene in the 7th century and transformed a nomadic people into prime movers of a world civilization. Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) was the architect of that transformation. His death in 632 AD presented the Islamic community with its first major challenge. The Muslims met this challenge by establishing the institution of the Caliphate and affirming the continuity of historical Islam.
The nascent Islamic state, with its capital at Madina, successfully defended itself from the predatory reach of the Byzantine and Sassanid Empires. But that very success sowed the seeds of dissension in the community. The captured wealth of Persia brought greed and nepotism and resulted in the assassination of the third Caliph Uthman bin Affan (RA). The fourth Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib (RA) tried to stem the tide of corruption and return to the pristine purity of faith but he was swept away by the whirlwinds created by the assassination of Uthman (RA). With the death of Ali (RA), the curtain fell on the age of faith in Islamic history.