Islamic Heritage of South Asia

Tanazzulat: (The Descent of Divine Grace) – Insan (The Human)


Author: Shaikh Shah Syed Ismail Qadiri al Multani

Transmitter: Shaikh Badashah Qadiri

Compiled by: Prof. Mevlana Syed Ataulla Hussaini

Translated and condensed from Urdu by Prof. Dr. Nazeer Ahmed


Allah created the human to manifest His Asma wa Sifat (Names and Attributes). Allah created the human “with two hands”, meaning, with Jalal wa Jamal (beauty as well as majesty). All other creation was created “with one hand”, meaning, they manifest but a single attribute of Allah and they praise Him with that attribute. Allah created Iblis to manifest His attribute of “Al Mudill”.

KNOW THAT the sixth descent of Divine Grace (Tanazzul)  is Insan (the human). The meaning of Insan is “a body with sight”. When this body can see everything with its hidden eye but cannot see itself, it is said that it is “the human”.

In the station of Wahdat, Reality was manifest in Unicity and multiplicity was hidden. Then, as Reality was made manifest in its multiplicity, the multiplicity took over and Unicity was concealed.

God willed that He manifest His Essence as an integrated whole in an entity which would at once be a compendium of light as well as darkness, hidden as well as the manifest, visible as well as the invisible. There was no creation that was a corpus of perfections and attributes and was at the same time a reflector of Divine Names. The other creation reflected only specific aspects of divine attributes according to their fixities. Hence, Allah created the human as a compendium of all existence that has come into being since the beginning and will continue to come into being till eternity.  For this reason, the human is also called “Jahan e sagheer” (The small universe).   

The human is the Khalifa (regent) on earth and a Khalifa has a rank higher than the creation over which he exercises his khilafat (regency) and has authority over it. Whatever grace reaches the cosmos does so because of the inherent sanctity of the human. That is why the angels prostrated before the human even though he was created only after the angels were created. The human is the purpose for the creation of the universe. For this reason, he  is also called “Illat e Ghayi” (the real purpose) of the universe.

Allah created the human “with both hands”. In other words, the human was created with both Jalal and Jamal (beauty as well as majesty).  The rest of the universe was created “with one hand”. The angels did not understand this subtlety. Therefore, they said:

“Will you create one
Who will make mischief and shed blood,
While we extol You, praise You, and sanctify You?”

The angels could not understand that they praise Allah only with the one attribute they knew while Allah has many Names and attributes that the angels are not even aware of.

Allah created Adam as “Insan e Kamil” (a perfect human being) and taught him all the names because the perfect man becomes a reflector of the Dhat (Essence) which is the sum total of all the Asma wa Sifat (divine Names and attributes), Therefore, his praise is higher than the praise of the angels. Allah gathered all the angels and asked them to name the names of entities in the cosmos. In other words He called them to name the Names that are manifest in the cosmos and with which the cosmos praises Him. The angels were not haughty; they excused themselves. Adam recited all the Names, thereby demonstrating his superiority over the angels. All the angels bowed before Adam except Iblis. He was haughty and conceited.

And when We commanded the angels
To prostrate before Adam,
They prostrated, except Iblis.
He refused and was arrogant,
And he was of the disbelievers.

Iblis construed Adam as made of clay. He did not know that the Dhat (divine Essence) was made manifest in him with all the Names and attributes. Adam was also a compendium and manifestation of all the appropriate attributes of the cosmos. Iblis showed his haughtiness towards Adam which he should not have and because of it he was repudiated by Allah.

Iblis was a jinn and was a personification of evil. It is impossible that anything but evil emerge from him. He said: “O my Lord! I swear by your honor! I will for sure mislead and deceive the human”. Iblis accepted this task of misleading the human so that the attribute “Al Mudil” (the Abaser) would be made manifest.

The human is a compendium of all the Asma (the divine Names) in his intrinsic self but in the open he is a guide to the divine path. Therefore, Allah made Satan the enemy of the human. The Insan e Kamil (the perfect man or the Wali) does not follow anything but the guidance from Allah. Even when he does something wrong, he asks for forgiveness. This is the result of divine guidance. It is a manifestation of the divine attribute of forgiveness.

When an Insan e Kamil (the perfect man, Wali) dies, immediately, another one takes his place so that the world may continue. When there is no Insan e Kamil and Wilayet (the continuity of Awliyah) disappears, the Day of Judgment will arrive.

The angels bowed before the human but this bow becomes a burden on the hapless human even if he is in great numbers. That is because he becomes a follower of Iblis and follows his commands. The angels are under him but they do not prevent him from doing wrong. Similarly, when the human does good, the angels are happy but Satan is unhappy. The footsteps of Satan lead to disbelief and Shirk. In this state, the human retains only his face; in his deeds he becomes an animal and falls into the abyss of Asfala Safileen (the lowest of the low),

Wa Sallallahu Ta’la A’la Khair e Khalqhe Sayyidina Muhammed Wa Ala Alehi Wa Sahbihe Ajmaeen. Be Rahmitika Ya Arhamar Rahimeen.